CODE MIXING OF EFL LEARNERS AT ENGLISH DEPARTMENTIN FKIP UHN PEMATANGSIANTAR
Hutauruk, Bertaria Sohnata
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This research was intended to analyze the code mixing of EFL learners at university students at English Department of HKBP Nommensen University Pematangsiantar. The objective of the research was to find out the types of code mixing that used by the English learners and the reasons why they use code mixing on their conversation. The subject of this research was the learners at English Department of HKBP Nommensen University. To overcome the problems, the writer using some theories, (Holmes, 2009), (Hoffman,C, 1991), (Nababan, 1986), (Kachru, 1992), (Ohoiwutun, 1997). To collect the data of the research, the writer made the recording and used the hand phone. The analysis shows that the students use code mixing on their daily conversations. This research conducted by descriptive qualitative research. The object of this study is the utterances that are spoken by the students. The data of the research analyzed based on the types of code mixing and the reasons why they use code mixing. The research findings indicated that the students used six types of code mixing on their conversations. They are: (1) Unit insertion, (2) Reduplication, (3) Idiom and collocation insertion, (4)Intra-sentential, (5) Intra-lexical, and (6) Involving a change pronunciation. And there are some reasons why they use code mixing. The writer makes the conclusions as follows: the types of code mixing on the students discourse is mostly unit insertion types, and then the analysis shows the reasons using code mixing in students discourse is mostly affected by prestige in order to keep their status, carrier, talent, profession, and the competence to the listener as the people who are including as the good student in their community.
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