ERROR ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ WRITING RECOUNT TEXTS AT ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FKIP UHN PEMATANGSIANTAR
Sinaga, Yanti Kristina
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This study is a research on English Department students’ error analysis in writing recount text at FKIP UHN Pematangsiantar. In this study, the writers will solve the question which exists in this research, namely: “What are the students’ difficulties on writing recount text at FKIP Nommensen University Pematangsiantar?” To overcome the problem above, the writers use some theories collaborated by some grammar experts especially they who contribute a lot of opinions in sentence types and writing in English. They are : Muhydin (1988), Bazerman and Wiener (1988), Starky (2004), McCrimmon(1963), Shaw (1986), Sanggam (2007), John(1982), Oshima& Hoque( 1981). In this sudy, the writer uses qualitative methodology. Twenty of the third semester students of English Department FKIP UHN Pematangsiantar are taken as the subject and the object of this study is error analysis in writing recount text. The students write a paragraph in recount text. To get the data for this research, the writers ask the students to write a recount paragraph about the most interesting experience that contains grammatical sentences and generic structure which concists of: orientation, events, and reorientation. To analyse the data, the writer uses Oshima A and Houque theory. The data analyses and interpretation shows that the students have some difficulties in writing grammatical sentences. In interpretation, it is found the discussion and analysing, the finding of the students’ difficulties in building grammatical sentences and writing generic structure. They are able to build simple sentences but they have difficulties in making correct grammatical sentences in recount text. The incorrect/ error sentences that students built are found in error grammatical sentences of appropriate verb tense, word choice, word order, punctuation and unnecessary words. The total of seventy texts, there are twelve texts in incorrect generic structure. Finally, the writers conclude that grammatical sentences made by the students still do not fulfill the requirement of graammatical sentences in recount text. Grammatical errors, using verb tense and appropriate use of generic structures, especially in events dominated the students’ difficulties in building grammatical sentences in writing recount text.
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